High blood pressure, or hypertension, is the most common cardiovascular diseases affecting millions of people today; the major tragedy is that the disease can go undetected for years, and can strike you at the most productive stage of your life. No wonder it is called the “the silent killer”. It is one of the leading causes of heart attack, heart failure, stroke, kidney failure, and premature death.
High blood pressure has become a major public health concern because, typically, there are no obvious symptoms for 15 to 20 years, until Stroke, Heart Attack, kidney failure, and/or blindness strike. Many people come to the knowledge that they have hypertension only when any of the above health issues occur.
Something happened on 26 December, 2018 being a public holiday (Boxing Day), I paid my friend a visit to celebrate the festive period with him, on getting to his house there were other friends already there having merriment. As all of us were drinking and dancing this hip-up music in our local dancing style, suddenly one of his brothers that were sitting on a chair suddenly slumped as he was trying to stand up though conscious, but became paralyzed on one side of his body.
It was a sad moment for all of us because that put a halt to the ongoing celebration. They quickly put a call across to their doctor whose house is a stone throw from their house. When the doctor arrives, he quickly conducted a medical examination, and to our worst fear, his blood pressure reading was very high without his knowledge. The doctor told my friend that his brother has a bad cerebro-vascular accident, a medical jargon which simply means Stroke. So, he was taken to hospital immediately for proper medical attention.
In America alone, more than 50 million people have high blood pressure, and of that number, an estimated one-third does not know they have the disease. If this is the case in a country such as America with high health awareness, how much more in countries with less awareness.
In Nigeria, the Federal Ministry of Health estimated the prevalence of hypertension in adults to the order of 8-10% of rural and 10-12% of urban communities.
It is estimated that, one in five women and one in six men all over the world will have a stroke in their lifetime. According to World health organization (WHO), about 17 million people suffer a stroke every year. And at least 200,000 strokes occur in Nigeria alone. This is very outrageous and this is why you should read this article to the end because of the threat daring us all in the face.
It will also surprise you to know that, worldwide, stroke kills more people each year than aids, Malaria, and tuberculosis put together.
Two years ago, I went to a conference, at the second day of the even as we gathered waiting for the speaker, when the speaker mount the podium, it did not take time the speaker started feeling dizzy. After a while, he lost consciousness and collapsed – what was the problem? Stroke.
When he regained consciousness two days after in the hospital where he was taken to, he couldn’t believe that he has been paralyzed. Every other medical evidence showed that the man had been diagnosed with hypertension five years earlier, but didn’t know how to manage it completely.
After a year and half, he had survived the stroke, but couldn’t walk well or use his right arm, and still feel weak. What has happen? He has developed the stroke as a result of cerebral hemorrhage. You will learn the actual causes of that and how it can be prevented.
A recent study revealed that, up to one-third of strokes in Africa are hemorrhagic strokes, and the survival rate is 50/50 while others like ischemic strokes is around 80 percent.
Diabetes just like hypertension is also a silent killer. There is large number of people with diabetes, walking about without knowing that they have the disease. Many are just dying just because of lack of full understanding of the disease and how to manage or treat it.
In this article, I will take you through on what diabetes mellitus; type 1 and 2 is all about, the actual cause, how you can manage, treat or avert it.